*Articulation is the physical production of speech sounds. A child with an articulation disorder has difficulty producing certain speech sounds, making them hard to understand when they speak. There are three types of speech sound errors:

Omissions
Children with omissions leave out sounds in words and sentences. Some examples are:
- “coo” for “school”
- “buh” for “bus”
- “ree” for “read”
- “boo” for “book

Substitutions
Children using substitutions often use an incorrect, but easier sound, rather than the correct sound. For example: “I have a wed wadio” or “I’m a dood dirl”.

Distortions
Children who distort sounds are usually trying to make the right sound, but cannot produce it clearly. For example, an /s/ sound may come out like a whistle, or the air comes out the sides of the mouth, making a “slushy” sound known to speech and language pathologists as a lisp.

There are several physical causes for articulation disorders including cleft palate, problems with dental structure, hearing loss, or difficulty controlling the movements of the mouth. Other articulation problems may arise from neurological disorders and should be diagnosed by a pediatrician. Keep in mind certain sound errors are developmentally appropriate. When these errors persist past age appropriateness, it becomes a disorder.

*Source: Children’s Hospital Cleveland

How can Effective Communication help?
Our nationally certified speech and language pathologists work to provide the right intervention methods to quickly and effectively improve your child’s intelligibility!

Effective Communication works with concerned parents like you, to develop an individualized treatment program that ensures your child gets the very best therapy available. We use a mixture of proven therapy techniques and innovative approaches that involve your participation in your child’s long-term success.

  1. We conduct an Evaluation to determine the severity of the articulation or phonological problem.
  2. Because no one knows your child better than you do, we conduct a Parent Conference to address your concerns. We answer your questions, and set up a treatment plan that includes activities which can be incorporated into your child’s daily activities.
  3. We welcome and encourage Active Parental Participation in every therapy session.

Effective Communication provides after-hours phone and email contacts to help you with concerns that may develop while working with your child at home. We also provide ongoing updates to the treatment plan as goals are reached, and set new milestones when needed.  If you have questions or concerns about your child’s speech, call us at 866.849.4608.